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It is well enough that people of the nation do not understand our banking and monetary system, for if they did, I believe there would be a revolution before tomorrow morning.Henry Ford
At least as important as distinctions in decoration was the introduction of extensive inequality in pay. Led by Washington and the other aristocratic southern delegates, and over the objections of Massachusetts, the Congress insisted on fixing a pay scale for generals and other officers considerably higher than that of the rank and file.
In addition to imposing a web of hierarchy on the Continental Army, Washington crushed liberty within by replacing individual responsibility by iron despotism and coercion. Severe and brutal punishments were imposed upon those soldiers whose sense of altruism failed to override their instinct for self-preservation. Furloughs were curtailed and girlfriends of soldiers were expelled from camp; above all, lengthy floggings were introduced for all practices that Washington considered esthetically or morally offensive. He even had the temerity to urge Congress to raise the maximum number of strikes of the lash from 39 to the enormous number of 500; fortunately, Congress refused.
I have done my own research into how Military Formations work, in particular the German Air-force during World War II, and the work done by the American pilot named John Boyd.
The MYTH that the German Soldiers (airmen included) where robotic followers of orders placed into a rigid hierarchy is as false as any case where the actual point of fact was such that the method by which the German Military remained very effective was a method similar to a Free Market. The term meritocracy may help explain how such a METHOD, which may seem MAD, whereby the METHOD to the MADNESS was a METHOD by which the most effective among the members of the group were earning their way into leadership positions in the group.
In particular, the German airmen were led into battle not by the highest ranking German soldiers but by the soldiers who proved to be the most efficient, most effective, at that position of leadership.
The concept is not new, not earth shattering news, and in our own Military there is the case of John Boyd whose example of the same meritocracy might illustrate, or educate, those needing to know.
I suggest the following book to be read - please.
Returning to the concept of Republic VERSUS Federation there can be a relative comparison done, from many angles of view, as to how one works compared to the other one, in either Defense or Offense, and therefore in either Independence or Dependence.
An invading army of conscripts and mercenaries land in New York, New York as this army of Aggression seeks to enslave the so called Rebels and Insurgents, as the King wishes, so that these conscripts must obey, without question, those orders that please the King, and these mercenaries must obey those same orders if these mercenaries want to collect their own profits, their own pay, their own investments.
On the land where the English Invaders of War for the Profit of the Few, war that is aggressive, war that is paid for by the targeted victims called Rebels and Insurgents, and their families pay dearly too, on that land, of those free, the order of battle was MANEUVER WARFARE.
Did you read the book I offered as a book that you should read? Did you read the book titled BOYD?
You are now set to argue with me on this point?
The so called Rebels were Volunteers who Volunteered to stop farming, stop making a living, and instead of making those earnings, those profits, they banded together into Voluntary Defensive Military Bands, something that was still COMMON KNOWLEDGE among the Frontiersmen, Settlers, and something perfected through the HELP of the Native Population, whereby the ART OF WAR is a well sharpened knife, sharpened through use, sharpened through practice, sharpened through Trial and Error.
Try if you will to enslave soldiers and hire murderers for profit and try as you will to inspire them to TRUST each other in battle, try as you might to do so, you might find out how the concept of MIGHT MAKES RIGHT falls apart, even when your INVOLUNTARY forces outnumber (a larger MOB intending to RULE by aggressive force), tray as you MIGHT, to order those slaves and those mercenaries to FIGHT, those same conscripts and mercenaries may find their TOOLS and there METHODS unable to meet the competitive challenge of Volunteers fighting for Liberty.
As soon as the Assembled MASS of conscripts and mercenaries are ORDERLY FORMED into a band of marchers like a Marching Band in a parade, is as soon as the many divisions of divided autonomous units hiding in places of advantage, and cover, use their advantage to cut the Marching Band of Criminals down.
You may not see the point, but why not? Your eyes are fogged over, you are certainly not stupid.
A number of Constitutionally Limited States MIMIC, in point of fact, the concept of a Voluntary Army of Volunteers Volunteering to Defend Liberty against a larger Marching Band of Monopoly Driven Obedient Slaves who are "just following orders without question," as that MONOPOLY Driven Obedient Marching Band of Slaves being driven by those Masters is that Consolidated Government where instead of many Constitutionally Limited States (Republics themselves) Volunteering to be a Federation Defending Liberty, instead of that DIVIDING, there is instead an INVOLUNTARY association created in the form of a Monopoly of ONE so called Republic.
What kind of NEWS is this Joe guy selling?
It was not me who blew the initial whistle.
ADDITIONAL OFFERS OF OPINION
"For Plato and Aristotle, 'the good' was naturally not to be pursued
by the individual but by the polis."
I see a root falsehood in that sentence. I am not claiming that there are people who "believe" such lies, but many people allow their thinking to be driven by such lies, perhaps it is a form of insanity.
The root falsehood is such that the idea of creating a THING to be held accountable for the actions of individual people just so happens to be very convenient for those individuals who perpetrate the worst crimes beyond human imagination upon the largest numbers of people beyond accurate human calculation.
So the root falsehood just so happens to work very good at covering up the crimes of the worst human beings ever to disgrace the human gene pool, so my thinking is such that the connection between the root falsehood and the actual criminals themselves is not a coincidence.
Case in point:
In my copy of The Prince are these words written in the introduction:
"Machiavelli's outlook was darkly pessimistic; the one element of St Augustine's thought which he wholeheartedly endorsed was the idea of original sin. As he puts it starkly in the same chapter 18 of The Prince, men are bad. This means that to deal with them as if they were good, honourable or trustworthy is to court disaster. In the Discourses (I,3) the point is repeated: 'all men are bad and are ever ready to display their malignity'. This must be the initial premise of those who play to found a republic. The business of politics is to try and salvage something positive from this unpromising conglomerate, and the aim of the state is to check those anarchic drives which are a constant threat to the common good. This is where The Prince fits into the spectrum of his wider thought: while a republic may be his preferred form of social organization, the crucial business of founding or restoring a state can only be performed by one exceptional individual."
Note: "...the aim of the state..."
A State is a Legal Fiction. Rather than listing all the people, all the individuals, each one, name by name, on a list, rather than that, there is a Legal Fiction used to identify all those people in that "State" in FACT.
So the use of that FACT, the use of that Legal Fiction is merely a convenience, an economic adaptation, a competitive way to convey meaning.
I can say California when I want to point toward all those people in California, and I don't have to list each name, so I use a Legal Fiction.
The root falsehood occurs when I blame a criminal invasion of another area where people live: blame is focused on that Legal Fiction, not on the actual criminals.
I can say, that the aim of California, was to destroy and enslave those people on that list of people who were once alive in Mexico, who are now all dead, or those who survived are now used as slaves by California.
No one in California, no one on the list of names, are held accountable, because California is responsible for murdering and enslaving all those innocent people.
How convenient can it get for those who profit from the aims of the State?
I do not sign onto the concept that the root falsehood just mentioned above is in any way a coincidence.
I recognize the fact that there are very evil people alive today, and very evil people alive throughout human history, whereby root falsehoods like the one just mentioned, are known to be falsehoods by those specific people on a list of people who have actual names, like, for example, Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli.
The name just rolls off the tongue.
How about good ole' Fr. Heinrich Luitpold Himmler S.J.?
Competitive offers of "History"
Names alone are incapable of telling the fully disclosed accurate account of what actually was done by the will power of that specific name of that specific individual.
"Virtue and the good life were polis- rather than individual-oriented."
I see accurate perception in that sentence, a root of factually based meaning. I can explain, even though I do not think, and I do not believe, and I do not trust, that my competitive offer of my viewpoint will be listened to, or agreed upon.
The human species is created in such a form as to statistically recreate new individual examples of human beings whereby the individual is created with a human conscience; therefore the species is hard wired (figuratively) with the means to produce good life.
You can, of course, take or leave my offer of a competitive viewpoint concerning the sentence quoted.
"All this means that Plato's and Aristotle's thought was statist and elitist to the core, a statism which unfortunately permeated 'classical' (Greek and Roman) philosophy as well as heavily influencing Christian and medieval thought."
I see no reason to call criminals anything other than criminals, so your use of the root word State, to point toward criminals, and then call those criminals "statist" is non-competitive in my view. You help the criminals cover up their crimes, in my opinion, in each case where the criminals are pointed at, and the criminals are then called something other than criminals.
You can continue helping the criminals all you want, what business is it of mine?
"Classical 'natural law' philosophy therefore never arrived at the later elaboration, first in the Middle Ages and then in the
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, of the 'natural rights' of the individual which may not be invaded by man or by government."
I am not inspired to argue with your limited sources of historical information that you use to form your conclusions. I trust that you will not accept any alternative sources of information as being competitive sources of information; therefore there is no point in me offering competitive sources of information.
Getting past your versions of history that may, or most likely are not, based upon accurate history, I find the following words to be inspiring a competitive response from me to you, or to anyone else who may be reading our conversation (thankfully one that is not accelerating into character assassination):
"The arts are frowned on, and the life of the citizens was to be policed to suppress any dangerous thoughts or ideas that might come to the surface."
My response to that sentence is to offer in return a quote from a very valuable source of words.
We shall be told: what can literature possibly do against the ruthless onslaught of open violence? But let us not forget that violence does not live alone and is not capable of living alone: it is necessarily interwoven with falsehood. Between them lies the most intimate, the deepest of natural bonds. Violence finds its only refuge in falsehood, falsehood its only support in violence. Any man who has once acclaimed violence as his METHOD must inexorably choose falsehood as his PRINCIPLE. At its birth violence acts openly and even with pride. But no sooner does it become strong, firmly established, than it senses the rarefaction of the air around it and it cannot continue to exist without descending into a fog of lies, clothing them in sweet talk. It does not always, not necessarily, openly throttle the throat, more often it demands from its subjects only an oath of allegiance to falsehood, only complicity in falsehood.
And the simple step of a simple courageous man is not to partake in falsehood, not to support false actions! Let THAT enter the world, let it even reign in the world - but not with my help. But writers and artists can achieve more: they can CONQUER FALSEHOOD! In the struggle with falsehood art always did win and it always does win! Openly, irrefutably for everyone! Falsehood can hold out against much in this world, but not against art.
Here, following, again is the root falsehood of holding a thing accountable for the actions of individual human beings:
"...of the state's positive law over the natural or divine order..."
I don't buy such nonsense; no thanks.
I'm not accusing anyone of "believing" such nonsense, I merely see the nonsense in the sentence, so I point it out, and I reject it.
"By the beginning of the seventeenth century, royal absolutism had emerged victorious all over Europe."
Again, no thanks, there were people, actual people, and those actual people managed to perpetrate very evil crimes by hiding their crimes behind false "good" reasons, or whatever, I'm not buying into the game of blaming the actual crimes done by the actual people on a nebulous entity, or thing, known as "absolutism," however I can entertain the idea that there was, and is, a person, or group of individuals, who invent, and reinvent, and then use, and then reuse, the concept of perpetrating crimes behind a false front known as Brand X (absolutism) or Brand Y (nihilism), so long as it works to accomplish the job (hide the criminals perpetrating the crime) the flavor of the false front, or the color of the false flag, is incidental.
The bodies still pile up even after the false flag is changed from red to blue and then back to red again.
"... state privilege..."
Here again there is the use of a Legal Fiction which is fine, so long as it is understood that there is no such THING, therefore a state cannot gain, or be given, or lose, or have taken away, any such thing as privilege, while, on the contrary, as a point of demonstrable fact, the actual people perpetrating crimes, and calling their crimes "privilege" happens in time and place, sometimes the victims of those crimes perpetrated by those criminals may actually be led to believe the lie too: believing that crimes are "privileges" taken by a thing known as a "state".
I don't believe such nonsense.
Criminals perpetrate crimes and they have a routine going whereby the criminals hide their crimes behind false fronts and false flags.
Which false fronts and which false flags work best; what qualities of the front or the flag are best to suit the purpose of hiding the crimes?
"...alleged necessity for piling up bullion in a country..."
I'm not so fast at discrediting the practice of collecting things into a central location if that is what you are doing with those words.
When criminals collect what they steal into a central location then the discredit is shared by the thieves who perpetrate crimes and by the victims for failing to defend against those crimes; there is no cause (in my view) to discredit the practice of collecting things into a central location.
In fact, mercantilism was all of these things; it was a comprehensive system of state building,state privilege, and what might be called 'state monopoly capitalism'.
If it is crime then I call it crime, I might call it "state monopoly capitalism" if I wanted to help the criminals hide their crimes.
"But state absolutism means that the state must and maintain allies among powerful groups in the economy, and it also provides a cockpit for lobbying for special privilege among such groups."
It, whatever name you want to parrot, or if you want to put an accurate name on it, is crime, and it is not a new human (criminal) invention, so I think I get the point.
"With SO MANY people that derive their “station in life” from the government in these times it is virtually impossible to get people to listen to these ideas, people dependent on the State will tune out because they do not what to be accused of being part of the problem."
Here is where the "government shut down" routine can be understood accurately instead of falsely. The criminals and their minions realize that their game is up. The minions, or slaves, or cooperators who cooperate in the process of perpetrating crimes upon their targeted victims, the victims who always are the people who produce anything worth stealing, find out (the minions find out), in real terms, that their "hosts" (victims) can no longer afford to be connected to the "parasites" (criminals and minions) and the realization comes in the form of a sudden shock whereby the well runs dry. The Natural Law known as the Law of Diminishing Returns sets in, as the number of criminals being incorporated into the crime group grow too numerous to feed upon the shrinking supply of victims (producers), and here at this time it may be a good idea for the remaining producers to wise up, and learn from that shocking realization that is being realized by those minions in that criminal group.
A producer certainly "feels the pain" but perhaps not in the same way as one of the minions may feel the sudden shock of having their gravy train come to a sudden halt.
The competitive, voluntary, producer continuously looks for competitive earning potential despite the sudden loss of a job, which is ongoing, as the competitive, voluntary, producer may be constantly looking for a better earning job, even while employment is currently producing income, so the shock is not sudden, and the shock is not devastating - there is no shock, it is business as usual within what still exists as "the animated contest of freedom."
For a member of the criminal minions, those not at the top of the criminal structure, the sudden loss of booty handed down from the more powerful criminals to the lesser powerful criminals leaves the minion, each one, leaves each minion, helpless, powerless, devastated, alone, in deed, because of the nature of the criminal organization; which is DEPENDENCY upon it (the criminals higher up), which is in turn a DEPENDENCY upon the independent (voluntary and competitive) producers.
Here, a person can say, is the HOST group, right here, and "it" produces though voluntary, free market (what remains of it in Liberty), competition: meaning that there is a list of names of INDEPENDENT producers working cooperatively and competitively (adaptively not antagonistically) in a free market to produce more today than was here yesterday, so there is an output which can be called surplus wealth, earnings, property, profits, or booty, depending upon word choices chosen to point out what now is where once there was nothing.
Here then is a criminal group, and "it" steals, meaning that there is a list of names of DEPENDENT criminals who DEPEND upon the HOST group, and who DEPEND upon the absolute necessity of the criminal group creating ever greater lies, ever greater threats, and ever greater destructive violence which is absolutely required in ORDER to maintain the connection between the criminal group and the HOST group: whereby the booty flows from the producers to the criminals and their minions.
So the most powerful criminals have figured out how to shock their minions into a frenzy of feeding upon each other and such things are exemplified with the current so called "government shut down" which can be called a "government shut down" if you happen to believe in such nonsense, while I call it what it is instead.
It is not a "government shut down" it is, in point of fact, a method by which the more powerful criminals set their minions one against the other, so as to reduce the numbers of minions being fed by their crime organization once the (natural) Law of Diminishing Returns sets in, in FACT, when the output of booty is not enough to feed the bloated numbers of criminals and minions.
From the Horses; Mouths?
I have been allowed to be the California State Common Law Grand Jury Organizer within the following group:
National Liberty Alliance State Organizer List
I attend the National Monday Meetups.
Last night was a typical effort to find agreement in principle and purpose.
My responses to last nights Meetup are offer to anyone who cares to know here:
Power Independence Blog Liberty Day Challenge
That is my Blog, which will be replaced by a new entry.
Here is a more permanent record:
Power Independence Forum National Liberty Alliance Topic
The concept is not only sound, it is legal, not arguably legal, it is legal in the true sense of the word, whereby law is a concept shared by people, throughout history, to be a voluntary association among volunteers who volunteer to find competitive methods of maintaining Liberty.
Liberty is a tough concept to convey to a well practiced lair, or a minion in the service of criminals.
Criminals know what Liberty is, and it is known by criminals as something to be feared, something that must be destroyed, if crime is going to pay well.
My suggestion offered to the Topic starter is to start learning more about ancient common law, which is not the FALSE Common Law which is a counterfeit version of the original.
Anyone who becomes confused about common law (the real thing which is synonymous with Liberty) is probably a victim of the efforts of criminals whereby criminals have produced many false versions of common law, so as to censor, block, crush, destroy, render powerless, the actual efforts of volunteers who volunteer to defend liberty in competitive ways that expend the least cost yet remain to be effective ways to defend Liberty.
I've found more than one source of information that serves to be a competitive example of evidence documented how common law (the original employment of Trial by Jury based upon sortition) became a false version, or a Usurpation, whereby the voluntary association became an Involuntary one.
Here is one:
Before 1066 all laws were local and enforced in the manorial, shire and hundred courts. Under the Normans, Royal Courts began to emerge from the King's Council (Curia Regis). These did not take over the jurisdiction of the local courts immediately, but over a long period of time the local courts lost jurisdiction over cases and thus lost income. A practice was started of sending judges around the country to hold assizes (or sittings) to hear cases locally. This enabled the judges, over a period of roughly 200 years, to take the best local laws and apply them throughout the land, thus creating law which was `common to the whole country ie, common law.
Originally the King's Council carried out the three functions of state, namely legislative, executive and judicial. It dealt with all cases in which the King had a direct interest, like breaches of the peace. Eventually the courts split off from the Council and formed the main common law courts. The Court of Exchequer, which dealt with the collection of revenues, was the first to separate, in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135). The Court of Common Pleas stayed in Westminster Hall to deal with disputes between individuals, while the King's Council travelled round the country. The Court of King's Bench separated sometime after 1230. Justices of the Peace (or magistrates) originated from a Royal Proclamation of 1195 creating 'Knights of the Peace' to assist the Sheriff in enforcing the law. They were later given judicial functions and dealt with minor crimes.
The Court of Equity (or Chancery) became very popular because of its flexibility; its superior procedures; and its more appropriate remedies. Problems arose as to the issue of injunctions: the common law courts objected to the Chancellor issuing injunctions restraining the parties to an action at common law either from proceeding with it or, having obtained judgement, from entering it in cases where, in the Chancellor's opinion, injustice would result. Consequently, a certain rivalry developed between the two courts and this came to a head in the Earl of Oxford's Case (1616) 1 Rep Ch 1 in which the common law court gave a verdict in favour of one party and the Court of Equity then issued an injunction to prevent that party enforcing that judgement. The dispute was referred to the King who asked the Attorney-General to make a ruling. It was decided that in cases of conflict between common law and equity, equity was to prevail. From that time on the common law and equity worked together, side by side.
Note the dates.
The following is a very important work done by Lysander Spooner (a person living in America who was later called an Anarchist):
Trial by Jury
FOR more than six hundred years - that is, since Magna Carta, in 1215 - there has been no clearer principle of English or American constitutional law, than that, in criminal cases, it is not only the right and duty of juries to judge what are the facts, what is the law, and what was the moral intent of the accused; but that it is also their right, and their primary and paramount duty, to judge of the justice of the law, and to hold all laws invalid, that are, in their opinion, unjust or oppressive, and all persons guiltless in violating, or resisting the execution of, such laws.
Unless such be the right and duty of jurors, it is plain that, instead of juries being a "palladium of liberty "- a barrier against the tyranny and oppression of the government - they are really mere tools in its hands, for carrying into execution any injustice and oppression it may desire to have executed.
But for their right to judge of the law, and the justice of the law, juries would be no protection to an accused person, even as to matters of fact; for, if the government can dictate to a jury any law whatever, in a criminal case, it can certainly dictate to them the laws of evidence. That is, it can dictate what evidence is admissible, and what inadmissible, and also what force or weight is to be given to the evidence admitted. And if the government can thus dictate to a jury the laws of evidence, it can not only make it necessary for them to convict on a partial exhibition of the evidence rightfully pertaining to the case, but it can even require them to convict on any evidence whatever that it pleases to offer them.
Note the date.
If you read the whole work done by Lysander Spooner you will be informed as to the methods by which the criminals retake control of Trial by Jury, turning a Voluntary Association into an Involuntary Association. Then you can see how free people are inspired to expend all the costs required to move their behinds from England to America, and they take with them the concept of Trial by Jury - based upon sortition.
Now, at this time, people have no place to run, and no place to hide, no place to go and start defending Liberty in a New World.
What does that leave?